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德鲁克管理思想精要,彼得·德鲁克有效管理名言
2016-04-11 09:40:57

NE电子        BIDE·DELUKE,XIANDAIGUANLIXUEDIANJIREN,BEIYUWEIGUANLIXUEBIZU,DASHIZHONGDEDASHI。1909NIANDELUKECHUSHENGYUXIONGYALI,SHIGEYOUTAIREN,DANCONGXIAOSUIJIALISHIXINGSHISHANGLUDEZONGXINTU,ZHIDAO30-40SUISHI,ZAIJUEWANGSHIZHENZHENGZHUANXIANGJIDU,BAXINYANGYUQIGUANLILILUNDEJIEHE,CHUANGZAOLEGUANLIXUEDEGEMINGBINGZAOFULEWUSHUQIYE。

 

         ZAOZAIBANGESHIJIZHIQIANTAJIUCONGSHEHUI、XINYANGHERENXINGDESHIJIAOLAIKANDAINEDIANZIHEGUANLI。ZUOSHOUGUANLI,ZHUZHONGNEDIANZIDEYOUXIAOXING,YOUSHOUXINYANG,QIANGDIAONEDIANZIDEZHENGQUESHIMING,LIANGZHEPINGHENGDENEDIANZICAINENGJIRENLEIDAILAIZHENZHENGDEFUZHI。QIYEJUEBUNENGJINJINSHILIRUNZUIDAHUADEGONGJU。ZUIJINERSHINIANLAI,SHEHUIQIYEZAIQUANQIUDEXINGQI,SIHUYEYINGYANLEDELUKEDESIXIANG。

 

         TADELILUNWULUNZHENGJIE、SHANGJIE,HAISHIFEIZHENGFU、FEIYINGLINEDIANZIDERENSHIDOUZAIXUEXI。ZAIJIANGJIN96NIANDEYISHENGZHONG,TAXUANJIANGDEYIGEZHONGYAOZHUTISHI: HAODEGUANLIRUHENENGGOUJIANGTUANHUOBIANCHENGTUANDUI。

 

NE电子         YINGTEERZONGCAIANDI.GELUFU、WEIRUANCHUANGSHIRENBIER.GAICI、TONGYONGDIANQIJIEKE·WEIERQI、ZHONGGUOHAIERDEZHANGRUIMINDENGQIYEJIADOUSHENSHOUDELUKEDEYINGXIANG。

 

下面整理出德鲁克管理思想精要:

德鲁克NE电子有效管理者的格言

 

1、卓有成效是一种习惯,是不断训练出来的综合体

2、有效的管理者用人,是着眼于机会,而非着眼于问题。

3、有效的管理者坚持把重要的事放在前面做,每次只做好一件事

4、管理者的一项具体任务就是要把今天的资源投入到创造未来中去。

5、“专心”是一种勇气,敢于决定真正该做和真正先做的工作。

6、要看“正当的决策”是什么,而不是“人能接受的”是什么。

 

1、管理与评价管理

 

NE电子        SHOUXIAN,QIYESHIGUANLIZHONGDEQIYE,YIGEXIANDAIQIYEKEYIGUYONGSHANGWANGEJUYOUGAODENGZHISHIDEREN,TAMENDAIBIAOZHEXUXUDUODUOBUTONGDEZHISHILINGYU: GONGCHENGSHI、SHICHANGZHUANJIA、SHEJISHI、JINGJIXUEJIA、TONGJIXUEJIA、XINLIXUEJIA、JIHUARENYUAN、RENLIZIYUANGUANLIZHE——DOUZAIYIGEGONGTONGDEQIYEZHONGGONGZUO。RUGUOBUSHIZHISHENYUYIGEGUANLIZHONGDEQIYE,NEIMERENHERENDOUWUFAFAHUIZUIDADEXIAOYONG。

 

NE电子        GUANLISHIDEZHISHIZHUANHUAWEIZIBEN,ZHIYOUGUANLI,CAISHIDEZHISHIYUZHISHIFENZINENGGOUFAHUITAMENZISHENDEZUOYONG。YOUYUGUANLIDECHUXIAN,CAISHIDEZHISHIZHUANBIANCHENGWEIYIQIEJINGJISHITIDEZHENZHENGZIBEN。WEILEMANZUGUANLISHANGDEXUYAO,MEIGUOHEYINGGUOQIYEKAISHICAIYONGFULIDELIKE•W•TAILEZAI1885-1910NIANSUOTICHUDEKEXUEGUANLILILUN,DAGUIMODIDUILANLINGGONGRENJINXINGXITONGPEIXUN。

 

NE电子        ZAICHUANGXINYUGUANLIZHIJIAN,WOMENYINGDANGMINGLE,MEIYOUCHUANGXINDEQIYERUYITANSISHUI,QIANTUANDAN;MEIYOUGUANLIZEFENBENGLIXI,HAOWUNEDIANZIZHIXUHEFAZHANKEYAN。SHUYUCHUANGXINSHIJICUNNEDIANZIRIQUWEISUODEWEIYIZHONGYAOYUANYIN;ERBUDONGDERUHEGUANLIZESHIXINDENEDIANZIZOUXIANGSHIBAIDEWEIYIZHONGYAOYUANYIN。RIBENDEGUANLIZHECHENGGONGDIBAGUOWAIXIANJINDEGUANLILINIANZHIRUBENGUODEWENHUATURANGZHIZHONG,BINGSHIZHIZHUOZHUANGCHENGZHANG,CONGERZAOJIULEYAZHOUSHICHANGJINGJIDESHENHUA,ERZHONGGUOQIYESHANGYOUYIDINGDEJINBUKONGJIAN。

 

NE电子        NEIMEZHENDUIGUANLIZHONGDEZHONGYAOYIHUAN,PINGJIAGUANLIBIAOZHUNYINGGAIDINGWEIYUZHUOYOUCHENGXIAO。PINGJIAGUANLIBIAOZHUNYINGGAISHIMUBIAODAOXIANGDE,RUYIYUANYAOBAZHUYILIFANGZAIRUHEZHIYUYIGEBINGRENSHANG,XUEXIAOYAOJIZHONGYUPEIYANGFUHEYIDINGZHISHIYUDAODEBIAOZHUNDEXUESHENG,QIAOLIANGZHUZAOGONGSIJIZHONGZAIJIANZAOYIZUOJIANGUJIANJUMEIGUANDEQIAOLIANG,JISUANJIGONGSIYAOZHUZHONGSHEJIBINGCHUSHOU“YONGHUMANYI”DERUANJIAN。

 

2、管理的维度

 

         GUANLIYAOZAISHEDINGNEDIANZIJIGOUDETEDINGMUBIAOHESHIMINGDEQIANTIXIAWANCHENGSANXIANGRENWU:

 

        企业的使命: NE电子企业都有责任获得利润,取得经济绩效。对商业企业而言,最直接的目的和使命是产生经济绩效,商业企业要把经济绩效作为其特殊使命,因为它必须为了经济绩效而存在。因此,商业企业的管理必须始终把经济绩效放在首位,而且每一项决策和行动都要以经济绩效作为出发点。

 

       员工的成就: 管理的任务是靠人来实现的,管理工作的目的就是要使人力资源更富有生产力,使工作更富有生产力,是管理的重要职能。但是与此同时,在当今社会里,这些NE电子机构也日益成为个人维持生计并取得社会地位、与人交往、实现个人成就和满足个人需求的必要手段。所以,使得员工有所成就显得越来越重要,并成为衡量NE电子机构绩效水平的重要指标。

 

NE电子         YOUCIKEJIAN,SHIYUANGONGYOUCHENGJIUGAN,ZHUJIANDICHENGWEIGUANLIDEYIXIANGZHONGYAORENWU。

 

NE电子         ZAIYIXIEFEIYINGLINEDIANZI,RUFULIYUAN、HONGSHIZIHUI、JIAOHUIDENGNEDIANZI,QICHENGYUANDABUFENSHIBULINGXINSHUIDE,DANTAMENQUENENGZHONGCHENGYUZHEIXIENEDIANZI,YUANYIFENGXIANYUNEDIANZIZHIZHONG。DANGWOMENWENZHIYUANZHEDEGONGZUOSHI,DADUOSHUDERENHUIDASHIYIYANGDE: WODEBENZHIGONGZUOBUFUYOUTIAOZHANXING,TIHUIBUDAOZUGOUDECHENGJIUGAN,MEIYOUZUGOUDEZERENGAN,YEMEIYOUYIDINGDESHIMINGGAN,TAZHISHIYIZHONGMOUSHENGDESHOUDUANERYI。ERZAIFEIYINGLINEDIANZIZHONG,TAZIWOCHENGJIUGANDEDAOLESHIXIAN,ZHEISHIZHIDESHANGYEQIYEJIEJIANDE

 

        社会责任: 企业作为社会的一部分,其存在就是为了要向顾客提供满意的商品和服务。“企业是什么?”是由顾客决定的。只有当顾客对一种商品或服务有付款意愿时,才能使经济资源转化成财富,使物品转化成商品。

 

3、企业家战略

 

NE电子         QIYEJIAZHANLVEYINGDINGWEIYUGUZHUYIZHI;GONGQIRUANLEI;SHENGTAILIJI;CHANPINHUOFUWUDEGEXIN。

NE电子         GUZHUYIZHIDEZHANLVEBIXUYAOJIZHONGZHENGQUEDEMUBIAO,YAOJINGGUOZHOUMIDESIKAOHESHENSHENDEFENXI,FOUZEYIQIENULIDOUHUIFUZHUDONGLIU。

 

GONGQIRUANLEIZHUYAOYOUSIGEFANGMIAN:

 

         创造性模仿。因为运用创造性模仿这一战略的企业家,比最初生产这个产品或这个产品的发明人,更了解此项创新的意义。创造性模仿是从市场而不是从产品入手,从顾客而不是从生产商入手。

 

        企业家柔道。贝尔实验室发明了晶体管,却被索尼公司总裁盛田昭夫以一个荒唐的价格: 2.5万美元,从贝尔实验室手中购得了晶体管的生产许可权。企业家的柔道战略应该是风险最低、成功率最高的战略。

 

         生态利基战略的目标则是取得控制权,在某一小范围内获得实际的垄断地位,目的是使企业避免遭遇竞争和其它企业的挑战。NE电子主要是从事大家都认为瞧不起眼、利润很低的行业之中,从而避免战争。

 

         产品或服务的革新。NE电子所有的战略都有一个共同点: 它们创造了自己的消费群体,这是企业的最终目的,事实上,这也是所有经济活动的最终目的。产品或服务的革新是创造效用;定价;适应客户的现实情况;向客户提供所需的价值。

 

4、企业的宗旨和使命

 

         QIYEDEZONGZHISHICHUANGZAOGUKE,QIYESHIYOUGUKEJUEDINGDE。GUKESUOGOUMAIDE,BINGRENWEIYOUJIAZHIDEDONGXI,JUEBUSHIYIJIANSHISHIZAIZAIDECHANPIN,ERSHIZHONGSHI“XIAOYONG”,JIYIJIANCHANPINHUOFUWUKEYIWEIGUKEZUOXIESHENME、DAILAISHENMEYINGXIANG。GUKESHIQIYEDEJICHU,SHISHIQICHIXUCUNZAI、FAZHANDEDONGLIYUANQUAN。ZHIYOUGUKECAINENGTIGONGJIUYEJIHUI,ZHENGSHIWEILEMANZUGUKEDEYAOQIUHEXUYAO,SHEHUICAIBACHUANGZAOCAIFUDEZIYUANJIAOJIQIYE,CHUANGZAOSUOXUDECHANPINHUOFUWU,YICIZAISHEHUISHANGCHUANGZAOLEJIUYEJIHUI。

 

         YINWEIQIYEDEZONGZHISHICHUANGZAOGUKE,SUOYIQIYEJUYOULIANGXIANGZHINENG,ERQIEZHIYOUZHEILIANGXIANGJIBENZHINENG: SHICHANGYINGXIAOHECHUANGXIN。

 

NE电子         XIAOSHOUYUSHICHANGYINGXIAOQUBIEZAIYU,XIAOSHOUDECHANPINHETIGONGDEFUWUZONGSHIRENMENXUYAODE,ERSHICHANGYINGXIAODEMUBIAOZHENGSHIYAOSHIZHEIZHONGXIAOSHOUBIANDEBUZAIBIYAO。SHICHANGYINGXIAODEMUBIAOSHIDUIGUKEHENCHONGFENDELEJIE,QUEBAOCHANPINHEFUWUWANQUANSHIHEGUKEDEXUYAO,CONGERHENZIRANDIXIAOSHOUCHUQU。

 

         NEIMEMANZUGUKETICHUDEBUTONGJINGJIXUQIU, JIUSHIMEIGEQIYEDEZONGZHIHESHIMING。MANZUGUKEDEXUYAO,SHOUXIANYAOHUIDA“SHEISHIGUKE?”,RANHOUSHI“GUKEGOUMAISHENMECHANPINHUOFUWU?”,HAIYOU“WOMENDEYEWUYINGGAISHISHENME?”TICHUZHEIXIEWENTIDEMUDEZAIYUSHIQIYENENGGOUSHIYINGYUQIDEBIANHUA,YIBIANSHISHIDIAOZHENG、KUOCHONGHEKAIFAXIANYOUDE、ZHENGZAIJINGYINGDEYEWUFANWEI。

 

         NEIMEJIUQIYEXUYAOZAISHICHANGYINGXIAO、CHUANGXIN、RENLIZIYUAN、CAIWUZIYUAN、WUZHIZIYUAN、SHENGCHANLV、SHEHUIZEREN、LIRUNYAOQIUDENGBAGELINGYUQUELIJUTIMUBIAO。DANSHIRUGUOZHEIXIEMUBIAOZHISHIYIXIELIANGHAODEYUANJING,NEIMETAMENJIUHAOWUJIAZHIKEYAN。WOMENBIXUBAMUBIAOZHUANHUAWEIGEZHONGJUTIGONGZUO。GONGZUOSHIZHONGSHIJUTIDE,SHIZHONGYOUQINGCHU、MINGXI、KEYIHENGLIANGDEJIXIAO、WANCHENGDEQIXIANHEZERENDEJUTIFENPEI。

 

5、创新与企业家精神

 

         RENHEQIYEDOUKEYIPEIYANGCHUANGXINYUQIYEJIAJINGSHEN,BUGUOYAOSHIXIANZHEIYIMUBIAO,QIYEBIXUYOUYISHIDIQUFENDOU。CHUANGXINYUQIYEJIAJINGSHENSHIKEYIXUEHUIDE,DANSHIYIDINGYAOFUCHUZUGOUDENULI。QIYEJIAQIYEJIANGQIYEJIAJINGSHENSHIWEIYIZHONGZEREN、SHIMING,TAMENZAIZHEIFANGMIANBUDUANJINXINGPEIXUN、DUANLIAN,DUIQIJIAYIYANJIU,BINGFUZHUSHIJIAN。

 

         QIZHONG,CHUANGXINXIANGMUSHOUXIANYIWEIZHEBIXUJIANGXINDEJUYOUQIYEJIAJINGSHENDEXIANGMUYUYUANYOUDE、YICUNZAIDEQIYEXIANGMUFENBIENEDIANZIHEGUANLI。ZAIRENHESHIHOU,RUGUOWOMENYANYONGXIANZAIDEQIYEJIZHILAIJINXINGCHUANGXIN、KAIFACHUANGXINXIANGMU,NEIMEWOMENZHUDINGYAOYISHIBAIERGAOZHONG。BIXUZHUANMENWEIXINXIANGMULIUYOUYIXIZHIDI,ERQIEBIXUYOUGAOCENGGUANLIRENYUANZHIJIEFUZE。

 

         ZHISUOYIYAOFENKAIJIANLIXINXIANGMU,HAIYOUGEZHONGYAOYUANYIN,JIUSHIRANGTABIMIANBEIFUGUOZHONGDEBAOFU。LIRU,CHUFEICHANPINYIJINGSHANGSHIJINIAN,FOUZEGONGSIDUIXINCHANPINDETOUZIHEDUITOUZIHUIBAODEJISUAN,JUNBUNENGSHIYONGCHUANTONGDETOUZIHUIBAOFENXIFA。

 

         CHUANGXINYINGGAIZHUYI,BUYAOJIANGJINGYINGBUMENYUQIYEJIAHECHUANGXINBUMENHUNHEZAIYIQI,BUYAOJIANGCHUANGXINXIANGMUFANGDAOXIANYOUDEGUANLIBUMENDANGZHONGQU,YEJUEBUYAORANGFUZEXIANYOUYEWUYUNYING、KAIFAHEYOUHUADERENYUANLAICHENGDANCHUANGXINRENWU。RUGUOTUOLIYIYOUDEYEWULAICONGSHIZIJIBUSHUXIDELINGYU,JISHINULICHUANGXIN,YESHIHENNANHUODECHENGGONGDE。BUYAOSHITUTONGGUOSHOUGOUXIAOQIYELAISHIXIANZIJIQIYEDECHUANGXIN,NEIJIHUSHIMEIYOURENHECHENGGONGDEKENENGXING,YINWEIBEISHOUGOUGONGSIZHONGDEGUANLIZHERENZHISHIJIANYIBANDOUBUHUITAIZHANG,CHUFEIJINXINGSHOUGOUDEGONGSIYUANYIBINGNENGGOUZAIXIANGDANGDESHIJIANNEIXIANGBEISHOUGOUGONGSITIGONGGUANLIZHE。

 

6、管理的新范式

 

         ZAIXINDEGUANLIFANSHIZHONG,GUANLIDEMUBIAOBUSHI“GUANLI”REN,SHICHONGFENFAHUIHELIYONGMEIGERENDETEDINGYOUSHIHEZHISHI。

 

         GUANLIJIANGYUELAIYUEXUYAO“WEIRAOKEHUJIAZHI”ZHEIYANGDEJIASHEJICHU,JIJISHUHEZUIZHONGYONGTUDOUBUSHIGUANLIZHENGCELAIYISHENGCUNDEJICHU,TAMENDOUCUNZAIYIDINGDEJUXIANXING,KEHUDEJIAZHIGUANHEJUECECAIYINGGAISHIGUANLIZHENGCEDEJICHU。YINCI,ZHEIXIEJICHUYIJINGZHUJIANCHENGWEIZHIDINGGUANLIZHENGCEHEZHANLVEDECHUFADIAN。

 

NE电子         GUANLIYINGGAIBAOHANZHENGGELIUCHENG,JUYOUKECAOZUOXING,YINGGAIGUANZHUZHENGGEJINGJILIANDEXIAOYIHEJIXIAO。

 

         GUANLIDELINGYUSHINEDIANZINEIBU,ERJIXIAOZELAIYUANYUWAIBU,RENHENEDIANZIDEJIXIAODOUZHINENGZAIWAIBUFANYINGCHULAI。GUANLICUNZAIDEMUDESHIBANGZHUNEDIANZIQUDECHENGXIAO,TADECHUFADIANYINGGAISHINEDIANZIDEYUQICHENGXIAO,GUANLIDEZERENSHIXIEDIAONEDIANZIDEZIYUANBINGSHIZHIQUDEZHEIXIECHENGXIAO。WULUNSHIQIYE、JIAOTANG、DAXUE、YIYUAN,HAISHINVQUANBAOHUNEDIANZI,GUANLIDOUKEYIKANZUOBANGZHUNEDIANZIZAINEDIANZIWAIQUDECHENGXIAODEGONGJU。

 

7、新企业

 

          YIGEZHENZHENGDEQIYEYINGDANGYONGYOUJIANQUANDENEDIANZIJIGOU,NENGGOUDULISHENGCUN、FAZHANYIJIJINGYING,ERQIE,QIYEDEYUANGONGYINGGAIQINGCHUZIJIDEZHIZEHECONGSHIDEGONGZUO,MINGBAIZHEIXIEGONGZUODEJIEGUOSHISHENMEHUOYINGGAISHISHENME。

 

NE电子          XINQIYEYAOSHIZHONGMIQIEGUANZHUSHICHANG;YAODUICAIWUYOUQIANZHANXING,TEBIEYAODUIXIANJINLIUHEWEILAIZIBENXUQIUDEGUIHUA;YAOZAIXINQIYEZHENZHENGXUYAO,BINGQIEYOUNENGLIFUDANQIYIZHIGAOCENGGUANLIDUIWUZHIQIAN,JIUJIZAOJIANGTAJIANLIQILAI;ZUIHOUHAIYAOQIUXINQIYEDECHUANGSHIRENQUELIZIJIZAIQIYEZHONGDEJIAOSE、GONGZUOFANWEIHETARENDEGUANXI。

 

NE电子          GUANZHUSHICHANGDEBIYAOXINGZAIYU,QIYEMEIYOUSHICHANGJIUWUFASHENGCUN。CHANPINDEYONGTUYUELAIYUEGUANGFAN,YUZUICHUDESHEJIDAXIANGJINGTING,CHANPINKENENGHUIBEIXINXINGYE、XINSHICHANGSUOYINGYONG。XINQIYETIGONGDECHANPINHUOFUWUZAIYIXIEYIXIANGBUDAODESHICHANGZHONGYINGDEGUKE,DANGCHUSHEJIDECHANPINHUOFUWUKENENGHUIYONGZAICHURENYILIAODEYONGTUSHANG,TONGSHIBEIYIXIEYIXIANGBUDAODEGUKE,SHENZHIBUBEIXINQIYESUOZHIDEGUKEGOUMAI。QIYEBUSHIYIGAIBIANGUKEWEIMUDE,ERSHIYAOYIMANZUGUKEDEXUYAOWEIZONGZHI。  

 

NE电子          JIANLICAIWUDEQIANZHANXINGSHIYINWEIXINQIYESHIBAIDEYUANYINWUFEIYEJIUSHIQUEFAZIJIN,WULICHOUJIKUOZHANGSUOXUDEZIBEN,YIJIGUANLIBUDANGDAOZHIGEZHONGKAIXIAO、KUCUNHEYINGSHOUZHANGKUANYIPIANHUNLUAN。

 

NE电子          JIANLIGAOCENGGUANLITUANDUIYOULIYUFANGHUANYUWEIRAN。

 

          CHUANGSHIRENJIAOSEDINGWEIDEZHONGYAOXINGZAIYU,CHUANGSHIRENYAODUIZIJIXIHUANCONGSHIDEGONGZUO、ZHUANZHANG、YOUSHIDENGFANGMIANJINXINGFENXI,ERJUEBUNENGZONGLANQUANJU。

 

 

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